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Front-End Developer: Duties, Qualifications and Career Path

Front-End Developer: Duties, Qualifications and Career Path
Front End Developer: Qualifications, Duties and Career Paths

The job of the front-end developer is closely related to that of the back-end developer team. The back-end developer is in charge of creating, managing, and maintaining websites and applications, whereas the front-end developer is in charge of implementing visible and usable visual elements.

In this digital era, the website does have a very important role for a business. By developing a website, companies can establish an online presence and reach out to more customers. This is where a web developer comes in handy. In addition to being in charge of website development, web developers must also ensure that the website can be operated easily by customers. This is where a front-end developer comes in handy.


Front-End Developer Duties

The task of the front-end developer is to develop a visual display or user interface on web pages. They are responsible for implementing the visual and interactive elements that users interact with when operating the website on a web browser.

The term "front-end" refers to website components that users can see directly, such as images, colors, menu bars, drop-down menus, and so on. So, when developing a website, the UI/UX designer team will first create the website's appearance or design. Then the front-end developer will translate the design framework into actual code using programming languages ​​such as CSS, HTML, and JavaScript.

In addition, front-end developers are now expected to understand SEO principles because this knowledge can help the front-end team understand what users are looking for in the website they are developing. Thus, the developed website can interact well with users.

The following is a general description of a front-end developer's duties and responsibilities:

  • Implement web concepts or designs using programming languages ​​such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
  • Develop and maintain website user interfaces.
  • Develop new features to improve user experience.
  • Ensure the website can be accessed on various platforms such as desktops and smartphones.
  • Optimizing the website for maximum speed and scalability.
  • Write reusable code and libraries.
  • Implement graphic, audio, and video elements into the website.
  • Work closely with the back-end developer team, UI/UX design, and stakeholders to develop a website that works optimally.
  • Monitor and improve website performance.
  • Up to date with the latest front-end development practices.
  • Ensure the website has a good look and functionality.
  • Follow best SEO practices for front-end website development.

Front-End Developer Qualifications

In general, the front-end developer qualifications required by companies are as follows:

  • Mastering and proficient in using HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and JQuery.
  • Understand server-side CSS.
  • Have experience using JavaScript Frameworks such as React JS and Vue JS.
  • Have experience using graphic design applications such as Adobe Illustrator.
  • Mastering front-end development tools such as NPM / Yarn, Webpack, or others.
  • Understand the principles of website design and SEO optimization.
  • Able to use code versioning tools such as Git, Mercurial, or SVN.
  • Good understanding of asynchronous request handling, partial page updates, and AJAX.
  • Experienced in handling Responsive/Mobile Design, Cross-Browser Development, and Content Management Systems
  • Experience with Front End Frameworks and RESTful Services/APIs, Git/Version Control
  • Can use CSS frameworks such as Bootstrap, Material Ui, or Foundation
  • Good troubleshooting skills.

Front-End Developer Career Paths

If you already know what a front-end developer's duties are, you might be interested in knowing the career path of this profession.

Website and application technology will continue to advance, necessitating the need for front-end developers. The demand for front-end developer skills will also continue to grow as more companies decide to develop websites to run their business.

In addition, the salary of a front-end developer is quite high. So, if you are interested in this field, becoming a front-end developer could be a good career choice.

When starting a career as a front-end developer, you need to understand the profession's career path. Each company has its own set of rules, but here is an overview:

1. Junior

When you land your first job as a front-end developer, you will have several responsibilities. Depending on the company's size, you may be tasked with creating interactive elements on the website, such as scrolling panels, integrating videos and images, and determining how elements can be displayed on the website. As your skills and experience increase, your responsibilities will expand to include site performance monitoring and collaboration with the design team.

2. Seniors

To become a senior front-end developer, you must have strong design and programming skills. Candidates for this position should also be aware of industry trends and be familiar with most content management systems such as WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal.

In addition, as a senior front-end developer, you will collaborate with the back-end developer team and the design team to implement best practices related to website usability. You will also be responsible for guiding and directing the junior front-end developer so that they can do their jobs well. 

3. Switch to another field

After working for more than ten years, most front-end developers develop their skills to fit into other roles. With a background in design and coding skills, front-end developers can move on to other fields, such as becoming a full-stack developer.


Understanding the qualifications and duties of a front-end developer can help you stay focused when pursuing a career as a front-end developer. With the explanation above, you can now focus on learning the skills required when applying for jobs.

About author

Harby Jay Harby Jay

Harbyj is a blogger, web designer, SEO expert, and the owner of this blog.

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